Types of Water Pollution, Causes and Effects
Water pollution is a concern for every person on the earth. Water pollution is contamination of water by water pollutants that are allowed to enter water sources without first being treated to remove compounds that are dangerous to people and animals. Water pollution does not just hurt animals and people alike, they also hurt entire communities doing major damage that takes years to cleanup and fix.
Water pollution is problem that affects everyone. There are effects of water pollution that are devastating. Statistics show that 14,000 people die every day from harmful agents in the water. Contaminated water leads to stomach sickness and many people die from the sickness. Countries that have adequate facilities to filter water still struggle with water pollution. Everyday there are accidents that happen that allow contaminates into the water. Sometimes they are not even known because they happen in remote areas.
There are many causes of water pollution. One cause is from animal waste that finds its way into the water through a stream or pond. Many times a levy will break and the water will run into the animal yard causing contamination. Sometimes compounds are found in the air and are mixed with water from a rain storm. An oil spill is another example of a water pollution cause. An oil tanker hits something and ends up with a hole in the ship that allows oil into the water. This causes enviromental hardship for the ecosystem and people in the area.
There are two types of water pollution. The first is point source pollution; this is where contaminants enter the water from a single source that can be located. The second of water pollution is from non-pointed sources, these are sources that do not come from one source but rather many sources working together. An example of this is from fertilized land. Water runoff collects come of the fertilizer from several different fields and the fertilizer finds its way into the water supply causing polluted water. Water pollution is a constant battle all around the world. Water treatment facilities work nonstop to provide good clean water for everyone to enjoy.